جمله اسمیه

Subject of predicate, mubtada (مُبتَدا ) and predicate khabar (خَبَر )

  1. 25. What is a subject of predicate and what is a predicate?

A subject of predicate and a predicate are nouns that make up a complete sentence. For example: . صادِقُونَ  المومنُونَ (The believers are truthful.)

 

  1. 26. How many kinds of predicates are there?

There are three kinds of predicates:

  • Noun: فاطمةُ طالبةٌ (Fatimah is a student.)
  • Sentence (both ismiyyah and fi‘liyyah):

        حَسَنٌ یَکتُبُ.  (Hasan writes.)

         علیٌ ابوه مُعَلِّمٌ. (Ali’s father is a teacher.)

  • Prepositional phrase, shibh-u jumlah, (شبه جملة) which is either comprised of an adverb of time or place or a word preceded by a jar preposition

(حرف الجرّ):

علیٌ فی البیتِ.          (Ali is in the house.)

القَلَمُ تَحتَ الکتاب.          (The pen is under the book)

 

  1. 27. What is a sentence comprised of a subject of predicate ( مُبتَدا )and a predicate (خَبَر ) called?

A sentence comprised of a subject of predicate (مُبتَدا )and a predicate( خَبَر ) is called al-jumlah al-ismiyyah (الجُملَة الإسمیَّة).

A sentence comprised of a verb and a subject (فاعل) or a verb and a representative of subject (نائب فاعل )  is called al-jumlah al-fi‘liyyah (الجُملَة الفِعلیَّة).

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