Types of Words

In Arabic there are three types of words:

  1. Verb – فعل
  2. Noun – اسم
  3. Preposition – حرف

Verb فعل

This category is defined as those words that impart a single meaning on their own and afford a tense. This is exactly what we in English know as verbs.

examples:

کتب (he wrote)

تسجد (you are prostrating)

Noun اسم

This category is defined as those words that impart a single meaning on their own and do not afford a tense. Roughly speaking, this is equivalent to what we know in English as nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and adverbs.

عالم (scholar)

هی (she)

کبیر (large)

کثیر (very)

Particle حرف

This category is defined as those words that do not impart a meaning on their own . Roughly speaking, this is equivalent to what we know in English as prepositions, conjunctions, articles, and other particles.

فی (in)

علی (on)

الی (to/towards)

لِ (for)

مِن (from)

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