Word Structure

One of the unique features of Arabic is that all words have a root. for example all the words عالم، معلم، تعلیم، اعلام، علامه all share the same root of ع-ل-م.

In this example our root has only three letters

1 ع

2 ل

3 م

And then additional letters are added to it to make new words. In Arabic Most of the words you will come accross have three-letter roots حمد – سجد – عبد – خرج – خلق . But there are some four-letter and five-letter roots too.

Four letter root: ج-ع-ف-ر and د-ح-ر-ج

Five letter root: س-ف-ر-ج-ل

 

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