The Hyberbolic Participle
The hyperbolic participle is that noun derived from a gerund which is used to indicate upon the one who has/is/will enact the meaning expressed by the root letters to a very high degree or to a very large extent. For example, we can create a hyperbolic participle for “traveling” which gives us the meaning “one who travels a lot” or “one who travels by profession”, in other words “a globetrotter”.
Some points to note about the exaggerated participle have already been detailed in our discussion on the active participle:
- it can occupy any grammatical positioning in a sentence
- the meaning might not always be obvious
- it can be used as both an adjective and a noun
- not all gerunds have an associated hyperbolic participle; in fact, most don’t
One of the patterns in the inventory of this participle is especially useful for occupations. The list below gives some examples of this:
|Translation||Meaning from Root Letters||Arabic Word|
|mason, builder||to build||بَنَّاء|
|executioner||to whip, be tough||جَلاَّد|
|lethal, pernicious||to kill||قَتَّال|
|winegrower||also has to do with vines||كَرَّام|
The hyperbolic participle exists only for trilateral roots with no extra letters. Constructing the participle is a simple matter of placing the root letters on one of the following patterns. Given a set of three root letters, however, it is unpredictable which one of these patterns will be used, or if the root letters even have an associated hyperbolic participle at all.